The west is also the mother of Uganda Kingdoms, one times these kingdoms were a large empire known as Kitara which is split in five Kingdoms known as
Buganda, Bunyoro, Busoga, Toro and Ankole. The earlier four are active while the last one is in abeyance. It was the courts were these monarchs
started politicking which was to make the present Uganda. It was here that here Speke and Henry Stanley me the Kabaka of Buganda to persuade him to allow the lordship of the British empire to Buganda.
Though Ermine Pasha and Samuel baker tried but they were unsuccessful to take power from the Omukama of Bunyoro. Then there were important monuments that were left in their way to remind the history at that time. There are moments to that were left to remind us about the history at that time, Mutesa invited the imperialists while Kabalega fought them, they have tombs which are important tourist attractions.
Kabalega was buried in imparo while Mutesa in Kasubi Tombs which are now important tourist attraction sites and Kasubi tombs are regarded as UNESCO world heritage sites. Although Uganda heritage does not only lie in cultural and architectural relics, it can be found in nature as well. In the heart of Uganda’s central region at Mubende hill one finds a tree of vintage presence that is linked to an influential priestess known as Nakayima believed to have lived around the 16th century. The tree its self-dates back to earlier times it is believed to be the oldest tree in Uganda, this tree still serves as a spiritual shrine to the framed priestess and is much visited by both local and foreign tourist.
A great natural site has been preserved like the Nakayima tree and rocks that serve as spiritual destination for many believers. There are many interesting rock formations throughout the country with mysterious caves to accompaniment. On the rocks and trees, you add the water falls, a myriad of them in maritime Uganda, check the Ssezibwa falls 45 minutes’ drive from Kampala.
Then there is the Sippi falls in the Eastern part of the country there is the Sipi falls famous for its attractiveness in addition to ancient myths about it. It is endowed with temperate climate that gives a traveller a great feeling while relaxing the green garden over looking the falls. At Bigobyamugenyi the excavated remains of the powerful Chwezi dynasty believed to have come from the Ethiopian high lands. Here excavators discovered iron implements, portray and other artefacts of great anthropological value.
The recent history is also marked by the impact of Arabs and European, these visitors who first traded in guns, trinkets, ivory and slaves left an enduring mark in East Africa. They also introduced different religions. The Arabs brought Islam as a new way of worship while the Europeans brought Christianity, Uganda today is the realm of the two religions. At Namugongo there are Muslims, protestants and Catholic shrines to commemorate the famous Uganda Martyrs. These people were martyred by Mwanga a Buganda Monarch who was against the foreign influence on his subjects as brought along by the new religions. He ordered them to denounce their faith at a pain of death, they met their death with great spirit and enthusiasm and have since been beatified by the roman catholic and honoured by Uganda which has set a side a date to commemorate their death which happens every 3rd June. Travellers from all over the world come and converge at Namugongo, a martyr’s trail had been established showing a spiritual side of Uganda.
Traveling down the Nile one encounters the Karuma Falls were the rivers momentum is much more as it hits the rocks to separate northern Ugandan from the south, amazing to see but to see but this is nothing to compare with the experience of the Murchison Falls whose picture is back dropped with a vast national park another of the country’s game wonders. The Murchison falls are in the middle of the Murchison Falls National Park. A ride down stream the water falls is a breath-taking experience real parade of the crocodiles, elephants, Buffalos along the banks of the river welcoming the visitor to their habitat with a lot of curiosity. Here also marks an ethnic separation, the people of the north are Nilotic who migrated from Southern Sudan and others southern Egypt. Legend talks about their war like traditions which were greatly exploited by General Gordon, Ermine Pasha and Sir Samuel Baker. In their effort to colonise Sub-Saharan Africa in for the Egyptian Ka dives who ruled from 1820 to 1880, There are number of forts that were left by colonialist along the Nile regions of Northern Uganda. Major Towns in this region comprise Lira, Nebbi, Gulu, Arua, Adjumani and Koboko Some of the ethnic groups in these regions include Acholi, Langi and Lugbara etc. Uganda has had three presidents from the Northern region who were Idi Amin, Milton Obote and Tito Okello. The Northern part of Uganda is a very religion with Christianity dominating the region followed by Islam.
On the Victoria are the Beautiful Ssese archipelago which nature has been kept for the most part in its original state, the tropical forests, the golden veldts have kept the picture of Africa intact. This place offers an enticing retreat from the concreate bustle of modern cities. At Ngamba Island one of the islands of the Sssese archipelago a chimpanzee sanctuary was established here a visitor can closely watch these friendly primates in this exciting environment.
The roundabout upcountry trip would inevitably bring you back to Kampala which was constructed very many years ago and it started with Lugards Fort. It later engulfed the other hill surrounding the fort, these were previously sitting of government for the reigning Buganda monarchy. The seven hills each has a land mark. Old Kampala where the first British flag was raised to proclaim the British protectorate over Uganda has a grand mosque. Kibuli hills were the first mosque was built. Namirembe hill is were you find the site of the Anglican church in Uganda. Rubaga hill which was a Kabaka’s palace now hold a roman catholic cathedral. Makerere is were Uganda first university is found, Mulago hill is were first referral hospital was built. Kololo is the country’s premier residence and while Nakasero is where the state house is and most of the government offices. The city centre is where one finds the hotels, like the food restaurants, the cinemas and the shopping malls. The National theatre an important cultural point is located right in the centre of Kampala next to the parliament of Uganda,
One can trace the history of Uganda and take a pick a life in Uganda at different generations at Uganda Museum found barely 10 minutes-drive at the city centre. The outright hills are where most Kampala people reside with their own famed entertainment and when it is night time Kampala opens. Kampala at night time is a different spectacle from what one sees during the day, that is when the different backgrounds fuse into the fan that is commonly Ugandan. The cheerful spirit was unknown 33 years ago. The country was then a melancholic to be due to bad governance that reigned throughout the land, the was no security and the economy had gone to the dogs.
A protracted people’s struggle led by Yoweri Museveni restored sanity in the country, today every five years a new government and legislature is voted into power by an electoral process. This stability has foreseen investor confidence and awakening of Uganda’s economy from a dark limbo, the combination of peace, stability and fairly good governance. This has brought about a steady progress in all areas of the economy and Uganda ranks high as an investment and tourist destination. The pearl of Africa has renewed its twinkle, drawing from all the wonderful gift nature bestowed upon it.